Chronic Kidney Disease
Causes of Chonric Kidney Disease
Kidney disease occur when the tiny filters in the kidneys (called nephrons) lose their ability to filter fluid. Nefronov failure can occur suddenly after an injury or poisoning. But the development of many kidney diseases can take years or even decades.
The two most common causes:
- Diabetes – High blood glucose levels can damage nephrons;
- Blood pressure – increased blood pressure can cause damage to the blood vessels in the kidneys.
Other causes include:
- Multicystic kidney disease;
- Malformations of the kidneys;
- Bilateral renal artery stenosis;
- Severe injury;
- Viral infections (eg, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, HIV / AIDS);
- The long-term use of drugs, which contain aspirin, paracetamol, ibuprofen;
- Abnormal accumulation of substances in the kidney (eg, amiloidoz, protein accumulation);
- Toxic drug effects or x-ray dyes;
- Systemic diseases (eg, lupus, polyarthritis, granulematoz Wegener);
- Disorders that drastically reduces the amount of blood, (eg, burns, pancreatitis, abdominal inflammation);
- Disorders that cause difficulty in urination (eg, an enlarged prostate, stones in the kidneys, tumor).