Food Myths – uncovered
In this article we are looking a little behind the common knowledge about food. 14 Food Myths uncovered.
1. Cooking destroys nutrients in vegetables
CORRECT! Valuable minerals and water-soluble vitamins get lost during the cooking process. This affects in particular Vitamin C. Our tip to keep the nutrient loss at a minimum: The less water you use to cook the vegetables, the less vitamins and minerals get destroyed. Prepare mushy vegetables, like Cauliflower and Broccoli, by damping them, instead of cooking them in hot water. Not so for carrots. The beta carotin in carrots gets most efficiently released during the cooking process.
2. Dark bread is healthier than white bread
NOT CORRECT! Unfortunately it is not that simple. To determine whether a bread is healthy or not, pretty much depends on the whole meal share. Many dark breads are actually colored by the addition of certain other ingredients. Look at the nutrition label, not at the color. If it contains wheat flour type 405 and malt extract it is the unhealthy option. Only bread that contains 90 % or more wholegrain is referred to as whole meal bread.
3. Acid found in fruits attacks the enamel
CORRECT! Fruits take an important role in a healthy, balanced diet. This however, does not apply for our teeths, because the acid found in fruits can cause dental erosion. The enamel gets softened, dissolves calcium and phosphorus and makes them thin and fragile. This is caused in particular by fruits, fruit juices, champagne, wine, vinegar and sport drinks. To counteract the acid, combine the acid and calcium-containing foods with each other. This causes the neutralization of
the acid. An example can be fruit with yoghurt.
4. Lemons contain most Vitamin C
NOT CORRECT! In fact lemons are amongst the highest foods containing Vitamin C. Lemons contain about 50 milligrams of ascorbic acid per 100 grams. However, Kiwi (71mg/100g) and broccoli (115 mg/100 g) contain much more Vitamin C than lemon, just like many others.
5. Potatoes make you fat
NOT CORRECT! Surprisingly potatoes provide relatively few calories. 100 g Potatoes contain about 69 kcal. The protein found in potatoes is of such high quality that when combining with milk or eggs, it exceeds the protein value found in meat.
6. Coffee depletes the body of water
NOT CORRECT! The rumor that coffee dehydrates the body is not correct. Studies have shown that the caffeine that is contained in coffee does have a diuretic effect. However, the impact on the water balance is so small that coffee can be consumed without any problems.
7. Chocolate causes pimples
NOT CORRECT! Lucky for us, this statement falls into the category food myths. No Research could confirm the link between eating your favorite dark chocolate and waking up with a pimple surprise. Pimples normally occur through clogged pores and excess sebum. So, the chocolate is not to blame.
8. Honey is healthier than sugar
NOT CORRECT! Honey consists of 20 percent water, the rest is sugar. Nutrients are hardly included. So, the gunk is definitely not healthier than regular sugar. Although certain natural, high value Honeys have found to contain beneficial nutrients. Looking into the supermarket shelves though, there is no difference to regular sugar.
9. Fructose is healthier than regular sugar
NOT CORRECT! Fructose has a healthy image, since it is among nutrients and fiber, found in fruits. However, Fructose contains the same amount of calorie as regular sugar. Fructose is more and more used to sweeten processed foods. Consuming too much Fructose can cause nausea and diarrhea.
10. The white spots on the fingernails indicate a calcium deficiency
NOT CORRECT! This little white traces on your finger nails are not a sign of calcium deficiency. Small lesions causes the nail bed to fill with air, which in return causes small white spots on the nails.
11. Cranberries may help protect against bladder infections
CORRECT! Researchers from Taipei and Boston discovered that cranberry therapy can help prevent urinary tract infections. The scientists analyzed more than 400 different studies. The result of the Research shows: The risk of developing another urinary tract infection was decreased by about 40 %.
12. Fennel soothes the stomach
CORRECT! According to scientific studies, the ingredients and the essential oils found in Fennel have a soothing effect onto the stomach. Fennel contains vitamin A, vitamin C, dietary fiber and folic acid. Mixed with honey or in form of a tea this vegetables have always been an old home remedy for colds and bloating.
13. Fresh vegetables contain more nutrients than frozen
NOT CORRECT! The belief that fresh vegetables contain more vitamins than frozen vegetables and are therefore much healthier, is wrong. Hamburg scientists have analyzed the content of Vitamin C in vegetables in fresh, frozen and jar stored conditions. What the Scientists found was that frozen vegetables contain more Vitamin C than fresh foods from the local farmer. This is because the vegetables are immediately processed and frozen after harvest. The frozen condition allows the vitamins to be preserved. Compared to fresh vegetables which loose most of their vitamins and nutrients during the transport.
14. Carrots are good for your eyes
CORRECT! Carrots contain a lot of beta-carotene, which protects the cornea and the vision in the dark. However, there are other vegetables that protect the eyes even far better. Among others, kale and broccoli are particularly good for the eyes: The contained yellow dye lutein and zeaxanthin may help prevent age-related macular degeneration (AMD), which results in blindness caused by age. Also spinach is among the vegetables with the highest lutein content. About 100 to 150 grams kale, spinach or broccoli contain up to 10 milligrams of lutein. For comparison: In order to achieve the same result with carrots, one would have to eat more than one kilogram of carrots per day.