Interesting Facts About Kidneys – amazing things you didn’t know
Here are the Top 7 interesting and amazing facts that you probably didn’t know about your kidneys. So here are the most interesting facts about kidneys.
Kidneys measure around 12 cm in length and are shaped like little beans. This makes them about the size of your fist.
The Kidney bean actually got its name from its similarity in looks to kidneys.
One is enough
Half of one kidney is capable of performing the job that two kidneys can do together. Some children even are born with only one kidney. The single kidney grows to the extent where its weight is equal to the weight of two kidneys.
In a single hour, kidneys receive around 57 litres of blood. Every single day, about 200 litres of blood are filtered through the 220 km of tubes within your kidneys. Kidneys are responsible for maintaining a constant amount of fluid in the body. Your entire blood in the body is filtered around 400 times a day by the kidneys. The Filtration rate of the Kidneys is measured by the GFR (glomerular filtration rate).
After the age of 40, the number of nephrons inside the kidneys start to decrease at a rate of 1 % a year.
Even though with the decrease of the nephrons, the kidneys continue to function normal. This is because the size of the existing nephrons enlarges to compensate the loss.
Another interesting fact about Kidneys is that they are responsible for the activation of the Vitamin D within your body. Vitamin D is at first produced by your skin cells when they are exposed to sun light. Our body has developed a great system in which Kidneys can produce Vitamin D on their own. For Kidney Diseases in which the production of this vitamin can no longer be fulfilled, it is important that the patient gets required amounts of Vitamin D through sun exposure or supplements.
Global Kidney Disease
Statistics count nearly 500 million people worldwide to have some sort of kidney disease or damage. This means about 10 % of the entire world population in adults and ultimately leads to premature death. Unfortunately this does not account for all those that are still unaware of their health condition, especially in developing countries.
The Kidney transplant would be normally placed in your pelvis whilst the disabled kidney will not be extracted and remains within your body. Kidney Transplant patients therefore have 3 Kidneys inside their body.
The first successful kidney transplant was performed by Dr. Joseph E. Murray in December 1954. The surgery was between two identical twins and took place at Peter Bent Brigham Hospital in Massachusetts .
Those are the most interesting Facts about Kidneys. If you know any more that I haven’t mentioned so far, please leave a comment.